Friday, December 14, 2012

ከኢትዮጵያ ቀዳሚ የቀዶ ጥገና ሃኪሞች አንዱ የነበሩት ዶ/ር ታዬ መኩሪያ ከዚህ አለም በሞት ተለዩ

 ዶ/ር ታዬ መኩሪያ 

ዶ/ር ታዬ መኩሪያ ከእናታቸው ከወይዘሮ ጥሩነሽ ድጋፉ እና ከአባታቸው ከባሻ መኩሪያ በታምነው ሚያዚያ5 ቀን1924 ዓ.ም.በሐረር ከተማ ተወለዱ። ዶክተር ታዬ የአንደኛ ደረጃ ትምህርታቸውን በሐረር ከተማ፤ የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርታቸውን ደግሞ በኮተቤ ሁለተኛ ደረጃ ት/ቤት ካጣናቀቁ በኋላ ለከፍተኛ ትምህርት ወደ ውጭ ሀገር ተልከው በሊባኖስ ዋና ከተማ ቤይሩት የአሜሪካ ዪኒቨርሲቲ ህክምና ትምህርት ተቋም በ1952 የህክምና ዲግሪ ካገኙ በኋላ ትምህርታቸውን በመቀጠል በቀዶ ጥገና ሃኪምነት በ1956 ዓ.ም. ተመርቀው ወደሃገራቸው ተመልሱ። በወቅቱ በሀገር ውስጥ ከነበሩት ጥቂት ኢትዮጵያውያን ሀኪሞች አንዱ ነበሩ፡፡ በጊዜዉ ከነበሩት ሁለት የቀዶ ጥገና ሃኪሞችም አንዱ ነበሩ።ሙያቸውን በቅዱስ ጳውሎስ ሆስፒታል ጀምረው ለረጅም አመታት አገልግሎት በሰጡበት ወቅት የቀዶ ጥገና ህክምና ክፍል ሃላፊ በመሆን አገልግለዋል።

ዶ/ር ታዬ ወደ ሃገራቸው ከተመለሱ በኋላ ው/ሮ ሠናይት ጥግነህን በህግ አግብተው ሶስት ሴት ልጆች እና አንድ ወንድ ልጅ አፍርተው አምስት የልጅ ልጅ ለማየት በቅተዋል።



ዶ/ር ታዬ መኩሪያ የሚወዱትን ወገናቸውን በህክምና እውቀታቸው ማገልገል የጀመሩት ኢትዮጵያውያን ሃኪሞች ጥቂት ከመሆናቸው የተነሳ እንደ ብርቅ በሚታዩበት ወቅት ነበር። በ1956 ዓ.ም. ስራ የጀመረው የአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ህክምና ትምህርት ተቋም እንዲሁም ከኢትዮጵያ ህክምና ማህበር መስራቾች መካከል አንዱ ነበሩ።በተጨማሪም የህክማ ማህበሩ ፕሪዚዳንት ሆነዉ አገልግለዋል።በጡረታ እስተገለሉ ድረስም በተለያዩ የሃላፊነት ቦታዎች እንዲሁም በህክምና ተቋሙ በአስተማሪነት አገልግለዋል።ዛሬ የፕሮፌሰር ታዬ ተማሪዎች ከነበሩት መካከል አብዛኞዎቹ በህክምና ሙያ ከማገልገላቸውም ባሻገር የፕሮ ፌሰርነት ማዕረግ በመጎናጸፍ አኩሪ የአገር ሃብት ለመሆን በቅተዋል። ከተለያዩ አገሮች በጥቂቱ ከአሚሪካ ከፈረንሳይ እንዲሁም ከጀርመን አገራት ኮሌጆች ጋር በነበራቸው የቅርብ የስራ ግንኙነት ለቀዶ ጥገና ህክምናና የምርምር ስራ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጻኦ አበርክተዋል። በተጨማሪም የዓለም አቅፍ የቀዶ ጥገና ህክምና ማህበር እና ኮሌጆች አባል ነበሩ።በ1986 ከአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የፕሮፌሰርነት ማዕረግ ከተጎናጸፉ የመጀመሪያዎቹ አንጋፋ ኢትዮጵያዊ ምሁራን መካከልም አንዱ ነበሩ። ወገናቸውን አፍቅረው በሙያቸው ለማገልገል የነበራቸው ትጋትና ፍላጎት እነሆ ዛሬ ታላቅ እውቅናን እና አክብሮትን አሰጥቷቸዋል። ዶ/ር ታዬ ከ1966 ለውጥ በኋላ የኢትዮጵያ ቀይ መስቀል ፕሬዚዳንት በመሆን ከማገልገላቸውም በተጨማሪ ሙያቸው አስፈላጊ ሆኖ በተገኘበት ቦታ ሁሉ በቀደምትነት እስከ ጦር ግንባር በመሄድ ወገናቸውን ያገለገሉና የሙያ ግዴታቸውን በአግባቡ የተወጡ ሀገር ወዳድ ታላቅ ዜጋ ነበሩ።

ዶ/ር ታዬ አርቆ ማስተዋልን ታታሪ እና ትጉህ ሰራተኛነትን በልጅነት እድሜአቸው የተጎናጸፉ ነበሩ። በስራ መትጋትን እና እውነትን ይዞ መኖር በህይወት ውስጥ ሊያመጣ የሚችለውን ደስታ በአኗኗራቸው ያስመሰከሩ ምሁር ነበሩ።

ማንም ሰው የአልጋ ቁራኛ ሆኖ በተመለከቱ ጊዜ በጣም ከፍተኛ ሃዘን ይሰማቸው የነበሩ ሰብአዊ ባለሙያ ነበሩ።

ዶክተር ታዬ በተወለዱ በ 81 አመት እድሜያቸዉ ባለፈዉ ማክሰኞ ታህሳስ 2/2005 ዓ.ም. በተኙበት በድንገት ከዚህ አለም በሞት ተለይተዋል፡፡ የቀብር ስርአታቸዉ ነገ ታህሳስ 6/2005 ዓ.ም. በመንበረ ፀባኦት ቅድስት ስላሴ ካቴድራል ከቀኑ በ 6 ሰአት ይፈፀማል፡፡


In Recognition of Prof. Taye Mekuria

By: Professor Orvar Johnson



It is a big honor bestowed on me by SSE for giving me the task of the introductory talk on the occasion of the recognition of Prof. Taye Mekuria.

Surgery in its modern sense as a science and art dates back from the late half of the 19th century. The basic requirements for successful surgical management were available. Thanks to a few developments in medical research: Anesthesia, Asepsis and Understanding of Homeostatic Responses in Trauma and Surgery. With that surgery become a mode of management encompassing numerous conditions which up to that time had been the domain of conservative measures. Modern surgery in its original classical form was certainly practiced in Ethiopia from the end of the 19th century mainly by foreigners. The real start of modern surgery took place sometime later in 1964 with the establishment of the medical Faculty and the Department of Surgery at that time, Haile Selassie I University. The first professors of surgery were from UK. However from its inception Ethiopia surgeons were attached to the Department of Surgery in Princess Tsehai Memorial Hospital. And it is there that Prof Taye Mekuria started his career as a surgeon and teacher in surgery. He was appointed Hon. Associate professor 1964 and became an Associate Professor 1968. Looking back in Prof Taye CV we find the following important events of his education and training in medicine and surgery.



BSC University of Brit.Colombia Canada. 1950
BA Med.American University in Beirut. 1952
MD American University in Beirut. 1956
FRCS Glasgow 1961
FRCS Ireland 1962


Prof Taye surgical work and teaching should for considerable time take place in St. Paulos Hospital where he later on becomes the chief surgeon and Director of St. Paulos Hospital.

In this time undergraduate program in surgery included relatively small groups of students. Students from that time remember Prof. Taye with gratitude as an inspiring teacher in surgery at bedside and operating theatres as well from the lecture hall.

Not few of these students are now senior surgeons and some professors at the department of surgery AAU.

From 1974 Ethiopia underwent a deep going social transformation with the Ethiopian revolution. These events should affect the further development of medicine and surgery in different aspects. Progressive measures in order to develop the health services of the country were taken and demanded a high out put of medical doctors and other health personnel. The enrollment to the facility of medicine was raised to more than 100 students yearly and the medical curriculum was revised. In 1980 postgraduate programme in surgery was launched the staff of the department of surgery during that time includes the head of department and three surgeons and Prof. Taye contribution in a heavy burden of surgical work in wards and theatres in teaching of undergraduate and postgraduate students become decisive for a successful out come. Prof.Taye was the head of department of surgery AAU from 1986. On the other hand the wars following the revolution demanded the presence of surgeons at the different war fronts. Accordingly, beside his work in department of surgery, Prof. Taye was called on numerous occasions to serve in army. Prof. Taye was called on numerous occasions to serve in army. Prof. Taye was in these years vice president of the Ethiopian Red Cross Association whose task become to lessen the suffering of civilians affected by the war.

Prof. Taye contributions to surgical research in general and to scientific development of surgery in Ethiopia are considerable. He is a fellow or member of a number of international surgical association and colleges, the international college of surgeons and the American college of surgeons to mention a few. It should as well be mentioned at this juncture his contributions the Ethiopia Medical Association where he was the president 1971.He has continuously followed the development of surgery on international meetings and conferences and undertaken research in institutions in UK, USA, France and Germany. Prof Taye scientific production is important and consists of papers of a considerable scientific value in collaboration with surgeons in UK. His papers on important surgical conditions in Ethiopia: Goiter, Hydatid Disease and Pepric ulcer are basic for understanding Ethiopian health problems. And these papers are quite often quoted in later works on the same topics. For his devotion in developing modern surgery in Ethiopia, he was promoted to full rank of professor in 1985.

In conclusion seen in perspective of twenty eight years Prof. Taye should be seen as one of those who introduced modern surgery in practice and teaching in Ethiopia during a time of profound social transformation of the nation.